China, Russia Deploying ‘Sharp Power’ to Quietly Penetrate Democracies

Russian President Vladimir Putin shakes hands with China’s President Xi Jinping / Getty Images

 

Sharp power centers on distraction and manipulation

China and Russia have spent billions of dollars over the past decade on state-run propaganda campaigns disguised as commercial ventures in an effort to shape public opinion and policy debates in democracies around the world, according to a new report by the National Endowment for Democracy.

To accomplish this, Beijing and Moscow have deployed a diverse array of tools, including people-to-people exchanges, cultural activities, educational programs, and the development of media enterprises with global reach.

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