As Guam prepares to celebrate Liberation Day this week, political leaders on the Pacific island say it is time to decide whether to remain a US colony or become an independent nation.
Debate about independence has raged for decades but legal complications mean plans to take the issue to a vote have stalled several times.
Former senator Eddie Duenas said a self-rule plebiscite was long overdue and should be held during a gubernatorial election expected next year.
“We have been driving but we don’t know where we’re driving to and how far we will go,” he told a recent meeting of Guam’s decolonisation commission in the capital Hagatna.
“We just keep driving and driving. It’s annoying.”
Guam has been an unincorporated territory of the United States since 1898, meaning its 160,000 inhabitants are US citizens but have limited rights.
They cannot participate in US elections and Guam’s sole representative in the US Congress does not get to vote on legislation.
The United Nations lists Guam as one of only 17 remaining colonies worldwide, something Governor Eddie Calvo wants remedied.
Calvo has long campaigned for a referendum on self-determination that would give voters three options for the future – independence, becoming a US state, or remaining in “free association” with Washington.
All options have their advocates and Calvo says whatever the outcome, at least voters would have had a say in their future.
“Anything is better than the status quo,” he said earlier this month. “I would be happier if we became a state [but] if voters chose independence or free association I would be happier than I am right now.”
Michael Bevacqua, a Chamorro culture expert at the University of Guam, said indigenous people should have a vote on their future after being denied basic rights under generations of colonial rule.
“A process of decolonisation that must follow the rules of the coloniser is not decolonisation, it is an extension of colonisation,” he said.
Full article: ‘Anything is better than the status quo’: Guam eyes end to American colonial rule (South China Morning Post)