You see, when Beijing negotiated the terms that allowed China to accede to the WTO in 2001, the United States agreed to treat China as a “non-market economy” (NME) in antidumping cases.
At least for the next 15 years, after which China would then get a WTO status upgrade to “market economy.”
But the United States still thinks Beijing is “dumping” its goods worldwide, thereby breaking the terms of its contract with the WTO and China.
“Dumping” refers to predatory pricing applied to products left over from a trade surplus. China produces nearly half of the world’s steel and has faced growing trade tension abroad as its economy has slowed and its steelmakers have stepped up exports.
China claims that it hasn’t sold its leftover products at lower costs, effectively hindering global competition in the steel industry.
The U.S. says, “Oh yes, you have.”
So now, in anticipation of a WTO denial, China has been taking steps to better position itself to defend itself, or to more aggressively retaliate, against the United States in what could handily become a global trade war…
Full article: China Readies Itself for Global Trade War with U.S. and WTO (Money Morning)