It was meant to be a farewell visit by a cherished friend heading for retirement. Instead, Barack Obama’s visit to Saudi Arabia Tuesday and Wednesday turned into an unwanted call by an uninvited guest at an inconvenient time.
It started a the airport, when Saudi King Salman sent one of his nephews to greet the US president on arrival in Riyadh. The gesture was specially telling because the Saudi monarch had spent much of the day personally welcoming other leaders at the airport. It ended not much better: forced smiles, unconvincing statements of solidarity.
It was typical of what has become the Obama Doctrine: dropping old allies in the hope of turning adversaries into new friends.
Needless to say, the gamble has failed.
None of America’s old adversaries, be it the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt or the Khomeinist mullahs in Iran, have become allies of the United States. At the same time, some old allies of Washington have started looking for new allies in unlikely places as Moscow and Beijing. Some others have simply decided to sit Obama out in the hope that the next US administration would correct at least some of his mistakes.
Across the region, old alliances are falling apart, and with it American influence.
The Arab League, a group of 22 nations that began as British initiative in 1945, is little more than an irrelevant ghost. For almost a year, and despite exceptionally attractive pay and conditions, it couldn’t even find a new secretary-general. It couldn’t even find a safe city to hold a summit.
The heads of two of the six members states, Oman and the United Arab Emirates, were absent from last week’s summit, ostensibly for health reasons.
It is now clear that Iran has managed to wrest Oman away from the GCC. Oman hosted almost two years of secret negotiations between Tehran and the Obama administration and now regards itself as a third, albeit smaller, element in a triangle with Washington and Tehran. Last year, Tehran all but imposed a treaty on Oman demarcating the borders of the two nations in the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea while obtaining the right to use Omani ports by Iran’s rapidly expanding navy that is projecting power all the way to the Mediterranean. Many Arabs believe that Oman wouldn’t have done so without Obama’s tacit approval.
“Obama’s farewell visit resembled a tour of the wreckage not only of decades of efforts to give the region an anchor of stability but also of his own illusions.”
The absence of US leadership has also led to confusion among NATO and other allies. Turkey is playing its own game, often in direct contrast to that of the US in Iraq and Syria.
Britain and France are competing against one another for future influence in Libya, including by sending separate military missions to the fragile government in Tripoli.
Egypt is spending the cash it gets from US buying fighter-bombers from France and other weapons from Russia.
Israel, too, is trying to diversify contacts as symbolized by this week’s visit to Moscow by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, a bête noire of Obama.
Pakistan is taking the US cash but looks to China as its main protector. while rival India is allying itself with Russia and Iran to gain influence in Afghanistan and Central Asia.
Trying to put the “American absence” to good use, Russia is rebuilding its network in the Middle East and strengthening its position in the Caucasian isthmus between the Caspian and the Black seas. On May 11 it will organize a referendum for South Ossetia, a region annexed from Georgia, to formally become part Russia, a repeat of the Crimean scenario.
Obama says he is practicing 21st century diplomacy. Maybe. But others, notably in the world’s most unstable and dangerous zone, everyone else is engaged in 19th century diplomacy of the deadliest kind.
Full article: Russia and China rush to fill Mideast void left by Obama (Family Security Matters)