Forced to Flee (II)

KABUL/BERLIN/BAMAKO (Own report) – Berlin is legitimizing German military intervention by alleging it is to combat the causes of fleeing. The Bundeswehr must undertake operations in Mali, “so that people will no longer have to flee the violence and hopelessness,” claimed Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen, early this week during her visit in Mali’s capital Bamako. She is using the current refugee crisis in Germany to arouse sympathy for the Bundeswehr’s interventions. However, with its aggressive foreign policy, Germany is actively helping create the causes for people to flee. A prime example is the Federal Republic of Germany’s Afghan policy since the 1980s. Together with other western governments, Bonn had exacerbated the Afghan civil war with its support for the Mujahidin. Millions of Afghans had to flee the country and Afghanistan has never recovered from its political, economic, and social devastation. The Bundeswehr’s deployment in Afghanistan, which began in 2001 and whose main mission was ended last year, has provoked a new wave of refugees.

Seeking Legitimation

The Bundeswehr must carry out foreign operations, for example in Mali, to eliminate the causes of why people flee, Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen claimed early this week during her visit in Mali’s capital Bamako. Military intervention would help “alleviate people having to flee violence and hopelessness.”[1] She was in Mali to attend the Bundeswehr’s being transferred the command of the so-called European Training Mission (EUTM Mali). With around 160 soldiers, the Bundeswehr makes up about one third of the contingent and will now be, for the first time, in charge of an EU military intervention on the African continent. By pretending to be in Mali merely to combat the causes for people fleeing, the defense minister is seeking to win sympathy for the Bundeswehr’s interventions by using the current refugee crisis. However, the contrary is true: Germany’s aggressive foreign policy is actively helping create the reasons for people to flee.

Geostrategic Objectives

Afghanistan is a typical example of how the aggressive foreign policies of western countries – including Germany’s – have massively contributed to the flow of refugees. In the case of Afghanistan, the origin of this development dates back to the summer 1979 -preceding Soviet intervention. A few years ago, the US government’s national security adviser, at the time, Zbigniew Brzezinski, publicly confirmed that on July 3, 1979, President Carter had already signed the first directive for secret aid to Afghanistan’s insurgent Mujahidin.[2] The primary objective was to spur on the opponents of Kabul’s pro-Soviet government. By supporting the Mujahidin, we “knowingly increased the probability” that the Soviet Union would intervene in favor of its Afghan ally. “We now have the opportunity of giving the USSR its Vietnam War,” Brzezinski wrote Carter the day the Soviets officially crossed the border. Violent insurgencies had been instigated for ulterior geostrategic objectives. Everyone must have known that deliberate escalation of upheavals will drive people to flee.

For more on this theme: Forced to Flee (I).

Full article: Forced to Flee (II) (German Foreign Policy)

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