A Desperate Defensive Battle

ANKARA/BERLIN (Own report) – Western interventions and the expansionist interests of NATO ally Turkey are responsible for the dramatic situation in the northern Syrian city of Kobane. The conquest of the city appears immanent, in spite of the desperate defensive battle against the “Islamic State” (IS) terrorist organization that was still being waged on Tuesday evening. There are already countless casualties. Western interventions in the Middle East are ultimately responsible for strengthening the IS, which is on the verge of conquering Kobane. Iraqi Kurdish militia – unlike the Syrian Kurds combating IS – are getting support, also from the Bundeswehr, thanks to Turkey’s expansionist concepts. According to these concepts, which are being greeted with sympathy in the West, a “Kurdistan” state could be pried away from Iraq and linked to – or even integrated into – Turkey, in the hopes of weakening the area’s pro-Iranian forces and pit Sunni forces against Iran. These strategic macro plans, which are in Western interests, have led to the terrible situation in Kobane.

Western Interests

IS’s brutal aggression has once again shown the terrible consequences of the West’s Middle East policies. With the destruction of Iraq and the instigation of the Syrian civil war, the West has created the conditions for the rapid rise of the terrorist group. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.[1]) This aggression also clearly demonstrates the common as well as the conflicting interests within the Western Alliance. Whereas the Iraqi Kurdish forces, who are cooperating with Ankara, are receiving arms and training for combat against IS – particularly from the Bundeswehr – Syrian Kurdish forces are receiving no comparable aid in their defensive battle. This is because of Turkey’s strategic macro plans. According to these plans, which are being greeted with approval in the West, Ankara should refuse all assistance to the Syrian Kurds.

Turkish Expansionist Concepts

In a series of analyses, Günter Seufert, an expert on Turkey at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), has analyzed the basis of Turkish strategic macro plans. According to these plans, the lynchpin of Ankara’s relations to the Kurdish-speaking forces of the entire region lies in Erbil. For years, the autonomous Kurdish regime headed by Masud Barzani, has been quite closely cooperating with Turkey – on a mutually profitable basis of Iraqi-Kurdish energy resources in exchange for Turkish industrial products. Ankara began developing comprehensive concepts for expansion, when Syria’s collapse set, de facto, also its Kurdish-speaking region free. In early 2013, Turkey’s Foreign Minister at the time Ahmet Davutoglu – today’s Prime Minister – declared that “it is high time” to “re-evaluate the artificial borders” created in the Middle East in 1916. Circles closely associated with him were speaking explicitly in terms “of the possibility of the Iraqi and Syrian Kurdish areas becoming part of a comprehensively politically restructured federal Turkey, in five to ten years,” wrote the SWP in April 2013.[2] Ankara’s policy toward Syria is inseparable from this concept.

Against Iran

Also important, in this context, are strategically motivated western pleas for a serious discussion of revisions of national borders throughout the region. A complete “revision” provides an opportunity of weakening Iran, because the dismemberment of Syria and Iraq will be at the expense of local pro-Iranian governments, thereby, by prying out a “Kurdistan” nation, opening the way for the creation of a “secular Sunni counterweight” to Shiite Teheran. In Washington, plans to this effect have recently been publicly under consideration. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.[3]) These plans conform, in many aspects, to Turkish concepts for expansion.

Full article: A Desperate Defensive Battle (German Foreign Policy)

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