BERLIN (Own report) – On the occasion of the December European Council meeting on European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP), the CDU-affiliated Konrad Adenauer Foundation is applying pressure to have new steps made toward the intensification of EU military cooperation. According to a paper recently published by the foundation, the meeting – the first of its kind since 2003 – should assist in significantly enhancing the military clout of European countries. Given the fact that European military budgets are continuing to shrink and the previous rudiments of closer cooperation (“pooling and sharing”) have not really taken hold, new measures must be introduced. Under the slogan, “Insular Solutions,” the foundation pleads for the integration of the armed forces of a few states, first, at the regional level, to then make further attempts to consolidate these at the EU level. This concept is not only aimed at wearing down existing national resistance to the possible weakening of national arms industries, but also to weaken the British-French military alliance founded in November 2011 – seen as an obstacle to German military predominance in the EU.
Pushing from Behind
On the one hand, the EU must develop appreciably stronger activities in the future than those in the past, Zarandi writes. This is because the United States has now begun concentrating its military capacity on Eastern Asia and the Pacific realm. Therefore, in the European setting, the EU countries must, to a growing extent, assume the armed control functions. Whereas the USA’s role in the war on Libya was already less prominent than it had been against Iraq (“leading from behind”), in the long run, one can expect Washington to switch from a “helping from behind” to a “pushing from behind” posture. This will apply to the region ranging from North Africa – Sahel zone included – through the Middle East, all the way to the Caucasus. However, in the USA there is considerable resentment over the reductions in military budgets inside the EU – on an average of twelve percent since 2009  – which is also affecting NATO and will, at least, hamper the European countries’ capability to take on a leading role in the region described above, while the US portion of the NATO budget has grown from 63 to 72 percent over the past ten years. New military and arms policy efforts, on the part of EU countries, are considered inevitable.
A Signal to the USA
The proposal of gradually reaching a pan-European cooperation via a series of regional cooperations is obviously also aiming at ultimately integrating the Anglo-French military alliance, as one of the numerous “insular solutions,” into the German dominated EU structures. However, if some of the proposals of the Adenauer Foundations would be implemented, this could contribute to the dismantling of the Anglo-French entente. The idea of establishing a “joint Air Force with the Netherlands and the Czech Republic” is being brought into the discussion as well as the “establishment, together with the Netherlands and Denmark, of the F124 frigate’s full capacity as a shooter with SM3 anti-ballistic missile missiles.” According to the Adenauer Foundation, this latter project could be a “significant contribution to NATO’s ballistic anti-missile defense” and thereby a “clear signal to the USA” that Germany would “assume more transatlantic responsibility.”
Against the London-Paris Axis
The Adenauer Foundation is particularly promoting the “development and procurement of the next generation of fighter jets together with the UK and France,” as well as the “procurement, together with France and Poland, of two joint support ships.” The fighter jet promotion is directed against Paris: In India and possibly in Brazil, the French Rafale has prevailed over the Eurofighter (in which Germany and the UK are also involved). The Adenauer Foundation’s proposal could lead to the integration and even liquidation of an autonomous French fighter jet. If Berlin succeeds to win London over, new conflicts could arise between London and Paris. The proposal to arm the navy in cooperation with not only Poland but also France could also drive a wedge into the Anglo-French entente: Such cooperation would clearly compete with the Anglo-French naval cooperation. The Adenauer Foundation’s proposals are aimed at splitting the British-French alliance, thus prolonging the power struggles for leadership in the nascent EU military structures.
Full article: Insular Military Solutions (German Foreign Policy)